General Korean chat for shopping etc:
I want a (some) X = Na-neun X won-hae-yo
X=beer (maek-ju), toilet paper (hwa-jang-ji), milk (oo-yu), help (dor-wa)
Is there any (Do you have any) X? = X iss-se-yo?
X= california roll (kim-bap), whisky (yang-ju), toothpaste (chi-yahk)
There is X (I have X) = X iss-se-yo.
X=aspirin (aspirin), English newspaper (yeong-o shin-moon), ramen (ra-myeon), English map (yeong-o ji-doh), pens (ball-pen), rice-vodka (so-ju)
There is no X (I have no X) = X ob-seo-yo
X=apples (sar-gwa), friends (chin-gu), family (kar-jok), brothers (hyeong-je), money (don), wine (por-toe-ju), pencils (yeon-pil)
I want to go to X (an X) = X ka-go-ship-o-yo
X=a park (gong-won), hospital (byeong-won), Subway station (ji-ha yok), karyoke room (nor-ray-bang), trad market (shee-jang)
Do you like X? = X jor-ah-hae-yo?
X=spicy food (mae-un-shik), squid (or-jing-o), singing (nor-ray), Korea (Han-guk), Korean food (Han-shik), nightclubs (night-uh), hiking (deung-san), going to movies (yeong-hwa-bor-neun)
I like X = Na-neun, X Jo-a-hae-yo
X=rock music (rok eum-ak), Korean bbq (bulgogi), fish (saeng-seon), sushi (su-shee), pretty girls (yep-beun yo jar), beautiful girls (ah-rem-da-un yo-jar), home-brewing (jip-e, maek-ju man-deul-ki), you (dang-shin)
Hello! = An-nyeong-ha-se-yo
Thanks! = Kahm-sa-ham-ni-da (kahm-sahm-ni-da)
You're welcome = Cheon-man-hae-yo
No problem = Mun-je ob-se-yo
Goodbye (you leaving) = An-nyeong-hee-kye-se-yo (stay well)
Goodbye (another person leaving) = An-nyeong-hee-kar-se-yo (go well)
Good (cool/ sweet/ OK/ etc) = Jor-ha-yo!
Well-done (good job etc) = Su-gor-hess-o-yo!
Delicious! = Ma-shee-da!/ Ma-shee-say-yo!
Yes = Ne/ Yeah
I am (I feel) X = Na-neun X.
X=happy (haeng-bok-hae-yo), sick (ah-po-yo), angry (hwa-nang-hae-yo), lonely (way-ro-hae-yo),OK (kwayn-chan-ha-yo), burnt-out (him-de-ray-yo), embarrassed (chahng-pee-hae-yo), crazy (mi-chin-hae-yo)
I'm not X = Na-neun X ahn-hee-hae-yo (note the ahn here makes it "not")
not X = not happy (haeng-bok-ahn-hae-yo), not tired pee-gon-ahn-hae-yo, not drunk (sul-chwee-ahn-hae-yo), not bad (nap-beun-ahn-hae-yo).
You can make this last one into a question too (like "Are you happy/ tired/ OK ? etc), just by starting with "you" (dang-shin) then the X words.
Are you OK? = Dang-shin, kwayn-chan-ha-yo?
I'm OK. Na-nen, kwayn-chan-ha-yo
Are you tired? = Dang-shin, pee-gon-hae-yo?
Yes, I'm tired. = Ne, pee-gon-hae-yo.
No I'm not tired. = Ah-ni-yo, pee-gon-ahn-hae-yo.
Actually Koreans usually don't use the words for "me/ you" (na-neun/ dang-shin) etc, they just assume you know who they mean, or use names.
배고파요?Are you hungry? = (dang-shin) bae-gor-pa-yo?
Are you American? =(dang-shin/ Scott) Mee-guk sa-ram ye-yo?
배고파, 안해요.No, I'm not hungry = ah-nee-ye-yo. Bae-gor-pa, ahn-hae-yo.
Yeah I'm an American. = Ne, mee-guk sa-ram ye-yo.
quem deus perdere vult, primus dementat